Selenium-Java Interview Questions

Test Plan:

Test plan can be defined as a document for a software project which defines the approach, scope, and intensity of the effort of software testing. A test plan is done by the test administrator or test manager. A test plan has the essential objective of how to test, when to test and who will test it.

Use case:

A use case in software testing represents a specific interaction between an end user or system and a software application, outlining the steps taken to achieve a particular goal. It serves as a cornerstone for various testing activities. Use cases validate requirements, guide test scenario definition, aid in test case design, ensure comprehensive coverage, facilitate regression testing, assess user experience, scrutinize error handling, guide security and performance testing, and play a crucial role in acceptance testing. By providing a structured framework for testing, use cases help ensure that the software functions as intended, meets user needs, and maintains quality throughout its development lifecycle.

The test strategy :

Test strategy is a set of instructions or protocols which explain the test design and determine how the test should be performed. It is done by the task manager. While test strategy has the essential objectives of what approach to pursue and which module to check.

Test Case:

A test case is a specific set of conditions, inputs, and expected outcomes designed to verify a particular aspect of a software application. It outlines the steps a tester follows, including preconditions, actions, and anticipated results, to ensure the software functions correctly. Test cases are essential for systematically validating software against its requirements and for regression testing during updates or changes.

Good Test Case:

A good test case is a clear, specific, and relevant set of conditions and steps designed to verify a specific aspect of a software application. It should be independent of other test cases, providing thorough coverage while remaining traceable to the underlying requirements. A well-constructed test case is consistent in format and naming, manageable in terms of effort, and based on valid, real-world scenarios. It should also be reusable for regression testing, documented with prerequisites and expected results, and easily maintainable as the software evolves. Ultimately, a good test case optimizes testing efforts by prioritizing critical areas and contributes to effective verification of software functionality and quality.