Top 10+ Jira Interview Questions & Answers

1. Q: What is JIRA?

A: JIRA is a widely used issue tracking and project management tool developed by Atlassian. It helps teams track tasks, manage projects, and collaborate on software development processes.

2. Q: How can JIRA be used for project management?

A: JIRA can be used for project management by creating and tracking issues, setting priorities, assigning tasks to team members, monitoring progress, generating reports, and facilitating collaboration among team members.

3. Q: How can JIRA be used in the QA testing process?

A: JIRA can be used in the QA testing process to create and manage test cases, track test execution, log and track defects, collaborate with development teams, and generate reports on testing progress and results.

4. Q: What is Bug and How do you log a defect(Bug) in JIRA?

A: In JIRA, a bug represents a defect or an issue that is identified during testing or software development. It refers to an instance where the software or application does not behave as expected or fails to meet the specified requirements. Bugs can range from minor issues to critical problems that significantly impact the functionality or usability of the software.

To log a defect (bug) in JIRA, you can create a new issue with the issue type set as “Bug” and provide detailed information about the defect, including steps to reproduce, actual and expected results, environment details, and attachments if necessary.

5. Q: What is an Epic in Jira?

A: An Epic in Jira represents a larger body of work that can be broken down into smaller, more manageable pieces. It is a way to group related Stories together and provides an overview of a broader feature or project.

Example: Let’s say you’re working on developing a new e-commerce website. The Epic could be “User Account Management,” which includes multiple user-related functionalities like registration, login, and profile management.

6. Q: What is a Story in Jira?

A: A Story in Jira represents a user requirement or functionality that provides business value. It is a smaller, more detailed unit of work derived from an Epic, usually written from the perspective of an end-user.

Example: Continuing with the e-commerce website example, a Story could be “User Registration” within the Epic “User Account Management.” It outlines the specific requirements and acceptance criteria for implementing the user registration functionality.

7. Q: What is a Sub-task in Jira?

A: A Sub-task in Jira is a further breakdown of a Story or an Epic into smaller, more specific tasks. It allows for better organization and tracking of work within a larger piece of functionality.

Example: Taking the previous example, within the Story “User Registration,” you might have Sub-tasks like “Design registration form,” “Implement validation logic,” and “Write unit tests.” These Sub-tasks represent specific activities required to complete the User Registration functionality.

8. Q: What is a bug lifecycle ?

The bug lifecycle in Jira typically consists of several stages that a bug goes through from its discovery to resolution. Here’s an example of the bug lifecycle stages:

  1. Discovery: The Tester identifies a bug while executing test cases or performing exploratory testing. The bug could be related to functionality, performance, usability, or any other aspect that deviates from the expected behavior.
  2. Reporting: The Tester logs the bug in the bug tracking system, such as Jira, providing detailed information about the bug, including steps to reproduce, actual and expected results, environment details, and attachments if necessary.
  3. Triaging: The bug report is reviewed by the development and QA teams to validate the bug and determine its priority and severity. The team may request additional information or perform further investigation to ensure the bug’s accuracy.
  4. Assignment: Once the bug is confirmed, it is assigned to a developer or development team responsible for fixing the bug. The assignment includes providing necessary context and any additional information required to understand and reproduce the bug.
  5. Validation: After the bug is fixed by the developer, the Tester verifies the bug fix by retesting the affected functionality. The Tester ensures that the bug has been resolved and that the expected behavior is now exhibited.
  6. Closure: If the bug fix is verified successfully, the Tester marks the bug as “Closed” in the bug tracking system. It indicates that the bug has been resolved and no longer requires further attention. However, if the bug is not fixed correctly, it may be reopened or returned to the development team for further investigation and resolution.

Throughout the bug lifecycle, effective communication and collaboration between the Tester, development team, and other stakeholders are crucial to ensure proper bug reporting, tracking, and resolution. The goal is to provide accurate and actionable information to the development team to address the identified issues effectively.

9. Q: What are the different issue types in Jira?

A: Jira offers various issue types such as Bug, Task, Story, Epic, Sub-task, and more. Each issue type represents a different unit of work or purpose within the project.

10. Q: How can you track the progress of an issue in Jira?

A: The progress of an issue in Jira can be tracked through its lifecycle. As the issue moves through different stages, its status is updated to reflect the current state of the issue. Workflow, comments, and attachments provide additional context to track progress effectively.

11. Q: How do you collaborate with team members using Jira?

A: Jira facilitates collaboration among team members through features like issue comments, attachments, and notifications. Team members can discuss issues, provide updates, share information, and communicate effectively within Jira to ensure smooth project execution.